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The following is a brief history of Qi studies from ancient to modern time.  Most of it is based on anecdotal evidence but it is nonetheless historically accurate.

mirrored from http://www.vxm.com/21R.43.html

The Human Energy Field in Relation to
Science, Consciousness, and Health

By Gloria Alvino



1. INTRODUCTION

"If we do not expect the unexpected, we will never find it." - Heraclitus

The science and art of medicine that was initially one, and then split into two, are now approaching reunion. The healing science that became traditional medicine and alternate medicine is slowly becoming the healing sciences. The history of this topic is extensive -- extending back thousands of years.

5000 years ago, ancient spiritual tradition of India spoke of a universal energy called prana. This universal energy is the source of all life. The breath of life moves through all forms to give them life. Yogis work with this energy with breathing techniques, meditation, and physical exercise to produce altered states of consciousness and longevity.

3,000 years ago, the ancient Qigong masters in China were practicing their meditative discipline to balance and invigorate the human energy field. They called this vital energy that pervades all forms, both animate and inanimate, Qi The Qi is the vital energy of the body; while gong means the skill of moving this Qi and working with it. Practitioners use mind control to move and control the Qi to not only improve health and longevity, but also to enhance awareness, psychic powers, and spiritual development.

The ancient Qigong masters also developed Tai Chi, Kung Fu, and the martial arts. In addition, they made the first model for acupuncture. Acupuncturists insert needles, or use moxa, or put magnets at specific acupuncture points to balance the yin and yang of the human energy field. When the Qi is balanced, the entity has good health. When the Qi is unbalanced, the entity has poor or impaired health.

The Kabbalah, the Jewish mystical teachings written about 538 B.C., calls these energies the astral light. Later on, Christian paintings and sculptures show a halo around the head of Christ and other spiritual leaders. Similarly, we see this halo on statues and paintings of Buddha, and also see energy or light coming from the fingers of many of the gods of India. In fact, there are references made to the phenomenon of the human energy field (HEF) or the aura of the body, in 97 different cultures, according to John White in his book "Future Science."

The history of medicine similarly reflects a fascination with the observation of the HEF and its study. Back in 500 B.C., the Pythagoreans believed that there is a universal energy pervading all of nature. They taught that its light could effect cures in sick patients.

In the 1100's, Liebault said that humans have an energy that can react on someone else's energy, either at a distance or close by. According to Liebault, a person can have either an unhealthy or a healthy effect on someone else -- just by being present. The HEF of one person may be harmonious, or it maye be discordant with another. The HEF of one person may be nurturing, or it may be draining to the HEF of another.

In the 1800's, Mesmer, the father of modern hypnotism, suggested that a field similar to an electromagnetic field might exist around the human body. Mesmer suggested that the power of this electromagnetic field, which he believed behaved as a fluid, might also be able to exert influence on the field of another.

In the mid-1800's, Count Von Reichenbach spent 30 years experimenting with the human energy field, whcih he called the odic field. He found that this field showed many properties which were similar to the electromagnetic field described by James Clark Maxwell in the early 1880's.

However, Von Reichenbach also showed that with the odic force, like poles attract. In other words, like attracts like. In his work, "Physico-physiological Researches on the Dynamics of Magnetism, Electricity, Heat, Light, Crystallization, and Chemism, In Their Relation to Vital Force", printed in New York in 1851, Von Reichenbach showed that electropositive elements gave his subjects feelings of warmth, and that this produced unpleasant feelings. In the reverse, electronegative elements produced cool and agreeable feelings.

He also found that the odic field could be conducted through a wire. It traveled slowly at 13 feet per second. This speed depended on the density of the wire rather than its conductivity. He showed that part of this odic field could be focused like a light through a lens, while another part of this odic field would flow around the lens, like a candle flame flows around something placed in its path. Air currents would also move this part of the odic field. This suggests a composition similar to a gas. Von Reichenbach's experiments suggest the odic or auric field is energetic, like a light wave, and also particulate, like a fluid. Also, he showed the right side of the body as being a positive pole, and the left as negative. This agrees with the ancient Chinese principles of yin and yang.


2. MODERN STUDIES OF HEF

HEF Photography

Walter Kilner - Interest in the HEF was mounting in the medical community in the 1900's. In 1911. Walter Kilner, M.D., from St. Thomas Hospital in London, reported on seeing the HEF, or aura, as he called it. Looking through glass screens stained with dicyanin dye, he saw a glowing mist around the body in three distinct zones:

1. A 1/4 inch layer closest to skin;

2. A more vaporous layer, 1 inch wide, streaming perpendicularly from the body;

3. A delicate exterior luminosity with indefinite contours, about 6 inches wide.

In his work "The Human Aura" published in New York, 1965, he states that the appearance of the aura differs from person to person, depending on their physical, mental, and emotional states. Kilner actually developed a system of diagnosis based on the consistent differences he found in persons suffering a particular disease. He successfully treated many conditions, including epilepsy, liver disease, tumors, appendicitis, and hysteria. Research based on his work continues to this day in Europe.

Semyon Davidovich Kirlian - In 1939 in Krasnodar, near the Black Sea in Russia, Semyon Davidovich Kirlian, an electrician, and his wife, Valentina Kirlian, a teacher and journalist, became fascinated by the sight of a tiny flash of light which ocurred between the electrodes of an electrotherapy machine and the skin of a patient. Other Russian scientists had also noted this energy, but ignored it.

The equipment and procedures they finally developed were to record on film this luminous energy emanating from the physical body -- the HEF. They invented a new type of photography, and had more than fourteen patents. The original system photographed static images of fingers or leaves. Next, they developed a special optical instrument to observe the motion of this luminous phenomenon. Now they saw the hand as either flashing, sparkling, steadily glowing, or as diminishing particles of light. They also showed the difference in the HEF of a human being harboring a disease that had not yet manifested symptoms!

Radionics - Dr. George De La Warr & Dr. Ruth Drown built instruments to detect radiation from living tissues, and developed Radionics, a system of detection, diagnosis & healing from a distance, using the human energy field. They took photographs using the patient's hair as an antenna. These photographs showed internal diseasees, like tumors and cysts inside the liver, and cancers within the brain. The study of Radionics continues today in England. Reference "Biomagnetism" and "Using Sound Waves To Probe Matter" by De La Warr in England 1965 and 1967.


HEF Microscopic Studies

Dr. Wilhelm Reich,
colleague of Freud, in the early 1900's, studied the universal energy field which he called "orgone" in his 1942 book, "The Discovery of the Orgone." He studied the changes or imbalances in the orgone flow in relation to physical and psychological disease. As a psychiatrist, he used traditional methods of analysis in combination with methods of releasing these blockages of the orgone energy, or Qi as Easterners would call it.

Reich built an "accumulator" to concentrate this orgone or energy. With the accumulator, he charged a vacuum discharge tube. This tube then conducted a current of electricity at a potential lower than its normal discharge potential. Reich claimed to increase the nuclear decay rate of a radioisotope by placing it in his orgone accumulator.

During the 1930's to 1950's, Reich experimented with these energies using the latest instrumentation of that time to observe the energy fields of animate and inanimate objects. He used a high power microscope to observe the energy field of microorganisms and human blood cells in the laboratory.

Gustave Naessens - Another more current development to consider is the work of the French microbiologist, Gustave Naessens, now continuing his research with his wife Francoise in Canada. In his hematology studies, Naessens observed in the blood, tiny particles too small to identify with conventional microscopic equipment. He invented a microscope which he called the somatascope. It has a magnification of 30,000 times, and a resolution of 150 angstroms to study these particles of dancing light.

His somatid theory states that cell division cannot take place without the presence of this tiny life force or energy particle that he calls the somatid. Naessens "believes that the somatid is the original spark of life, the pinpoint where energy condenses into matter." According to Naessens, the "somatid represents the manifestation of cosmic energy in a tiny, moving dot of physicality," as printed in "A New Answer to Cancer" in 'Well-Being', September/October ,1993.


HEF Light Emissions Studies

Bio-Energetics -
Dr. John Pierrakas and Eva Pierrakas have developed a system of diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders based on visual and pendulum-derived observations of the HEF. The information from these observations combined with body psychotherapeutic methods eventually developed into Bio-Energetics. The process called Core Energetics was delineated in a publication "The Core Energetics Process", in 1977.

Dr. Pierrakas work suggests that the light emissions from the human body are closely related to health. There is a need to quantify these light emissions with reliable, standardized light measuring instruments to make this available to the medical profession for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

Dr. Richard Dobrin, Dr. John Pierrakos, and Barbara Brennan -- published "Instrumental Measurements of the Human Energy Field" in 1978. They measured the light level of a wave length of around 350 nanometers in a darkroom before, during, and after there were people in that room. Results show a slight increase of light when people are in it. When someone feeling exhausted and full of despair was in the room, the light value actually fell. With a colorizer they were able to show part of the auric field, or the HEF, on black and white television.

Hiroshi Motoyama - has measured low light levels coming from people who have practiced yoga for many years. He did this with a movie camera in a darkroom. Also, he studied the strength of a sender's and a receiver's energy meridians before and after treatment. Most of the time, the sender's energy level dipped and then rose again. Also, the energy at the heart chakra of the sender or healer increased after treating a patient. Refer to his publication "The Functional Relationship Between Yoga Asanas and Acupuncture Meridians" 1979 for exercises that he has developed to impact on the HEF.

Dr. Valorie Hunt - and colleagues at UCLA, published "A Study of Structural Neuromuscular Energy Field and Emotional Approaches", which is a study of the effects of Rolfing on the body and the psyche. She placed electrodes on the skin to record the low millivoltage signals from the body during rolfing sessions. Rosalyn Bruyere observed the auras and recorded her observations of both the rolfer and the patient. Breyere's observations were recorded on the same tape as the electronic data. She described the color, size, and energy movements of the chakras, and auric clouds, or HEF, involved.

Scientists then mathematically analyzed the wave patterns recorded by a Fourier analysis and a sonogram frequency analysis. The wave forms and frequencies reported by Rosalyn Bruyere correlated specifically with the colors reported. When Breyere saw blue in the HEF at a specific location, the electronic measurements would always show the characteristic blue wave form and frequency in the same location.

Hunt repeated this experiment with seven other aura readers. Each of the seven also saw auric colors that correlated with the same frequency wave patterns. In 1988, the results of their research showed these color and frequency correlations. Dr. Hunt says, "Throughout the centuries in which sensitives have seen and described the auric emissions, this is the first objective electronic evidence of frequency, amplitude and time, which validates their subjective observation of color discharge."


HEF Electromagnetic Field Studies

Dr. Robert Becker -
of Upstate Medical School. mapped a complex electrical field on the body that was shaped like the body and the central nervous system. He named this field "The Direct Current Control System" in his publication of the same name in 1962. He found that this field changes shape and strength with physiological and psychological changes. Continuing his experiments through 1979, he found particles the size of electrons moving through this field.

Dr. Zheng Ronliang of Lanzhou University in China, in "Scientific Research of Qigong", measured the Qi radiated from the human body by using a biological detector made from a leaf vein connected to a photo quantum device. He studied the Qi emissions of a Qigong master, and the energy field emanations of a clairvoyant.

The energy pulses emanating from the hands of the Qigong Master are very different in nature from that of the clairvoyants. At Shanghai Atomic Nuclear Institute of Academia, Sinica, it was shown that some vital force emanations from Qigong masters seem to have a very low frequency fluctuating carrier wave. Sometimes, Qi was detected as a micro particle flow with a particle size of 60 microns in diameter, and velocity of 20-50 cm/sec.

Dr. Dejan Rakovic and Gordana Vitaliano MD - have conducted extensive experiments in Yugoslavia studying the biophysical nature of consciousness. Dr. Vitaliano is now in Boston, where she founded the Mindwaves' Institute. Dr. Vitaliano's primary research program is Neural Networks, Brain Waves, and Ionic Structures: A New Biophysical Model for Conscious Systems Processing.

In papers published in the January, 1, and January 15, 1996 issues of 21st Link, Dr. Racovic & Dr. Vitaliano discussed the possibility of HEF being associated with a low dielectric ionic structure with embedded ultra low frequency electromagnetic field. They also discussed the development of a new consciousness-exhibiting, brain-like biocomputer which would have a similar ionic neural network.


HEF Bioplasma Studies

Russian scientists
from the Bioinformation Institute of A. S. Popov All-Union Scientific and Technical Society of Radio Technology and Electrical Communications, began a crash program on extra-sensory perception in 1965. They started to use the methods of physicists with their experiments on telepathy. The scientists of this Popov group later announced the discovery that living organisms emit vibrations at a frequency of 300 to 2,000 nanometers. They called this energy the biofield, or bioplasma. They showed that the biofield was stronger when people were more successful at transferring their bioenergy. These findings were confirmed at the Medical Sciences Academy in Moscow, and are supported by research in Germany, Poland, the Netherlands, and Great Britain.

Since the 1950's, Dr. Victor Inyushin at Kazakh University in Russia has also done extensive research in HEF. He suggests the existence of a bioplasmic energy field composed of ions, free protons, and free electrons. He suggests that the bioplasmic energy field is a fifth state of matter. (The four states are solids, liquids, gases, and plasma.) Inyushin's work shows that the bioplasmic particles are constantly renewed by chemical processes in the cells and are in constant motion. There is a balance of positive and negative particles within the bioplasma that is relatively stable. A severe shift in this balance causes a change in the health of the patients or organism. At the same time, in a healthy being, some of this energy or bioplasma is radiated into space. Refer to four of his works: 1. " Questions of Theoretical and Applied Biology," 2." Possibilities of Studying Tissues in High Frequency Discharge," 3. Biological Plasma of Human Organism with Animals," 4. "On the Biological Essence of the Kirlian Effect" 1967-1970.


HEF Studies - Conclusion

Modern science tells us that the human organism is not just a physical structure made of molecules; but like everything else, is composed of energy fields. We are constantly changing, ebbing, and flowing, just like the sea. Scientists are learning to measure these subtle changes. The human energy field is the frontier for modern research, and the development of new diagnostic and treatment systems.

We are constantly swimming in a vast sea of life energy fields, thought fields, and bioplasmic forms, moving about and streaming off the body. We are vibrating; radiating bioplasma itself. People have recognized this phenomenon in the past. Now we are rediscovering it. This is thus not a new phenomenon; but rather, a new observation, a growing awareness, a new perspective, and a renewed interest in studying the intricacies of the unknown.




Copyright 1996, All Rights Reserved, Gloria Alvino,
HeartGlo@aol.com

About The Author: Gloria Alvino, R.Ph., B.S. in Pharmacy, M.S. in Health & Human Sciences, is founder & president of Heart to Heart Associates, Inc. a charitable, educational, non-profit organization. HTHA is dedicated through education and the advocacy of research to help individuals improve their health and quality of life.

The following is mirrored from  Science, Skeptics and Qigong.  Some text was deleted to save space. Go to the original for complete reference.

 

 




An Experimental Study on Ultra-Long Distance
(2,000 km) Effects of the External Qi of Qigong
on the Molecular Structure of Matter
Li, Shengping; Meng, Guirong; Sun, MengYin; Cui, Yuanhao; Yan, Sixian (QingHua University, Beijing, China) Yan, Xin (Chongqing Institute of Chinese Medicine, Chongqing, Sichuan, China) This paper was published in Ziran Zazhi (Nature Journal) in Chinese, Vol. 11, pp. 770-775, 1988.
No factual changes, only modifications in presentation style have been made in the English version.


Introduction

From January to March 1988, we conducted qigong experiments on the ultra-long distance (2,000 km) effects of the external qi of qigong on the molecular structure of over ten substances. Comprehensive measurements were carried out using a variety of analytical methods including laser fluorescence spectrometry, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectrometry, Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrometry, laser Raman spectroscopy, ultraviolet-visible (UV-VIS) spectrophotometry, spectrofluorometry, and infrared thermal imaging. Different kinds of biological macromolecules, organic materials and inorganic materials, as well as, chemical reactions were tested in these experiments. The results on salmon sperm DNA, K2Cr2O7 solution, AgBr powder, and fluorescencein dye are reported in this paper.

.....

Experimental Materials

Four kinds of samples were used in the experiments. They are :

  • Aqueous solution of salmon sperm DNA, concentration 20 ug/ml. Salmon sperm DNA was supplied by Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry.
  • Aqueous solution of K2Cr2O 7, concentration 10 ul/ml. Analytically pure K2Cr2O 7 was supplied by Beijing Chemical Factory.
  • AgBr powders, supplied by Beijing Chemical Factory.
  • Aqueous solution (0.1N NaOH) of fluorescencein dye, concentration 10 ug/ml. Analytically pure fluorescencein dye was supplied by Beijing Chemical Factory.

Experimental Procedure

The procedure for the qi experiments on the aqueous solutions of salmon sperm DNA, K2Cr2O 7, and fluorescencein dye is the following.

One half-hour before the qi experiments, the original aqueous solution was measured several times to be stable using the UV-VIS spectrophotometer. Then the solution was taken out of the big container to fill up six test tubes, three were designated as test samples and the other three control samples.

Test samples were placed on a bench in a light-insulating laboratory of Chemistry Department at Qinghua University. Control samples were placed in a laboratory at the analytical Center of Chemistry Department. The two laboratories were about 100 m apart.

A total of five qi emissions were conducted. Each qi emission session lasted about 30 minutes. After the five qi emissions, the test samples and control samples were all taken out of their respective original laboratories to be measured by the UV-VIS spectrophotometer. The UV-VIS photo spectra of the test samples and control samples were collected alternatingly. Samples treated with the external qi of qigong emitted from ultra-long distances was continuously monitored for an extended period of time. The spectrophotometer was operated under the following conditions : band with 2.0 nm, ABS 0.4 - 1.0, and scanning range 600 - 200 nm, sacnning duration 3 min/FS.

The procedure for the qi experiments on the AgBr powders is the following.

The effects of the external qi of qigong on AgBr were measured using a BRUKER ER200/D Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) spectrometer and a Nicolet 5DX Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectrometer.

First, the background from an empty test tube to be filled later with AgBr powders was measured using the EPR technique. Then under the no-light condition, about 10 g of AgBr powders was then taken out from a AgBr container stored in a refrigerator and was divided into 4 portions. Under the same no-light condition, one portion of the AgBr powders was loaded into the empty test tube and analyzed using the EPR technique. No extra signal was detected this time. This test tube was then exposed to room lights for 10 seconds and was analyzed again using the EPR technique. This time the signals from Br free radicals were observed. This result confirmed that the AgBr samples were still effective. The other three portions were designated as test samples, wrapped in dark paper and sealed with duct tape to keep them photochemically stable.

The test samples of AgBr powders were placed on a bench in a light-insulating laboratory of Chemistry Department at Qinghua University. The control samples were placed in a laboratory in the Analytical Center of Chemistry Department. The two laboratories were separated about 100 m apart. Samples were placed about 30 minutes prior to the emission of the external qi of qigong. Each qi treatment session lasted about 30 minutes. After the qi emission samples were taken away and analyzed using EPR and FT-IR techniques to obtain information on free radicals and the structure, respectively.

 

 

1) Salmon Sperm DNA

The aqueous solution of salmon sperm DNA treated with the external qi of qigong emitted from ultra-long distances was continuously monitored for about 15 hours using a Hitachi 340 UV-VIS spectrophotometer.

Table 2 and Figure 1 show typical results obtained from test sample #1 and a control sample during the ultra-long distance qigong experiments conducted on March 8, 1988 from Yunnan to Beijing (about 2,000 km).

Salmon sperm DNA has one characteristic absorption peak of 259 nm in the ultraviolet region. Test sample #1, qi-treated and later continuously monitored for 13 hours, showed a maximum increase of 51 % in the absorption value at this characteristic absorption peak. The change was very significant. Meanwhile the control sample, untreated by the external qi and monitored for 19 hours, was quite stable with a 1.4 % fluctuation in the absorption value at the 259 nm peak.


Table 2 :Change in the UV absorption of salmon sperm DNA
sample #1 at room temperature of 15 degree C.


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|                | Number of    |Accumulated time |      Change in 259 nm        |
|                | qi emissions | of observation  |    absorption peak value     |
|================|==============|=================|==============================|
|  Test sample   |     5        |     13 hours    | 0.350 to 0.530 (max.), +51 % |
|----------------|--------------|-----------------|------------------------------|
| Control sample |              |     19 hours    |  0.350 +/- 0.005,  +/- 1.4 % |
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                        UV-VIS Photo Spectrum Sequence
                         Control Sample    Sample #1
                               O1             1
                               O2             2
                               O3             3
                               O4             4
                               O5             5
                               O6             6

              Qi Emission Distance = 2,000 km (from Yunnan to Beijing)
              Date of Qi Emission : March 8, 1988
              Date of Spectra Taken : March 8, 1988                          

These experimental results indicated that the external qi of qigong from 2,000 km away did significantly affect salmon sperm DNA. Since x* = 0.530, u = 0.350, m = 4.33 x 10 exp -3, using previous equation we have s = 41. According to Table 1, the value of r should be of orders of magnitude lower than 10 exp -9, therefore the experimental results indicating the ultra-long distance effect of the external qi of qigong on salmon sperm DNA were highly reliable.


(2) K2Cr2O 7

The aqueous solution of a highly stable in-organic salt, K2Cr2O 7, was used in this set of experiments. Test samples treated with the external qi of qigong from ultra-long distances as well as control samples not qi-treated were continuously monitored for almost 16 days (377 hours) using a Hitachi 340 UV-VIS spectrophotometer.

Table 3 and Figure 2 show typical results obtained from test sample #1 and a control sample during the ultra-long distance qigong experiments conducted on March 8 to 24, 1988 from Yunnan to Beijing (about 2,000 km), since K2Cr2O7 is an extremely stable salt, the test samples were continuously monitored for 377 hours after the five qi emission sessions.

K2Cr2O7 solution has two characteristic absorption peaks, at 258 nm and 348 nm, respectively, in the ultraviolet region. Test sample #1, qi-treated and later continuously monitored for 377 hours, showed that the 348 nm absorption peak had not only a red shift, i.e. a shift towards a longer wavelength, but also a 24 % maximum increase in the absorption value, see Figure 2 and Table 3. The change was very significant. Figure 2 also indicates that the 258 nm absorption peak had a considerable increase in intensity as well. Meanwhile the control sample, untreated by the external qi and monitored for 379 hours, was extremely stable.

For the 348 nm absorption peak, if we ignore the peak shift and consider only the intensity change then we have x* = 0.720, u = 0.580, m = 7.7 x exp -3. Using the equation, we have s = 18. According to Table 1, the value of r should be of orders of magnitude lower than 10 exp -9, therefore the experimental results indicating the ultra-long distance effect of the external qi of qigong on K2Cr2O7 solution were highly reliable.


(3) AgBr

Figure 3 shows the typical results obtained in this set of experiments. The five spectra shown in Figure 3 were from 1) the background of an empty tube, 2) AgBr not qi-treated and unexposed to lights, 3) AgBr not qi-treated but exposed to lights, 4) qi-treated AgBr test sample#1 and 5) qi-treated AgBr test sample #2. The data were obtained during the experiment performed on January 26, 1988, with the external qi of qigong emitted from Guangzhou to Beijing (about 2,000 km).

Figure 3 indicates that the external qi of qigong did actually excite AgBr to release free radicals which were then detected using the EPR spectroscopy. This effect is similar to the release of free radicals from AgBr exposed to room lights. The effect of the external qi of qigong on AgBr observed in this experiment is consistent with the results obtained in the bromination of hexane under the influence of the external qi of qigong [1].


(4) Fluorescencein Dye

The aqueous solution of a highly stable organic material, fluorescencein dye, was used in this set of experiments. A few hours before the qi experiment, the original aqueous solution of fluorescencein was measured to be stable using the spectrofluorometer and UV-VIS spectrophotometer.


Table 3 : Change in the UV absorption of K2Cr2O7 solution
sample #1 at room temperature of 15 degree C.


-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|                | Number of    | Accumulated time |      Change in 348 nm          |
|                | qi emissions | of observation   |     absorption peak value      |
|===================================================================================|
|   Test sample  |      5       |    377 hours     |  positon : 348 nm to 360 nm    |
|                |              |                  | value : 0.580 to 0.720, + 24 % |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Control sample |              |    379 hours     |    0.580 +/- 0.005,  +/- 1 %   |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                      UV-VIS Photo Spectrum Sequence
                   Control Sample    Sample #1    Date
                        O1              1       March 8, 1988
                        O2              2       March 9, 1988
                        O3              3       March 11, 1988
                        :
                        :
                        O10             4       March 14, 1988
                        O11             5       March 16, 1988
                        O12             6       March 18, 1988
                        O13             7       March 24, 1988

               Qi Emission Distance = 2,000 km (from Yunnan to Beijing)
               Date of Qi Emission : March 8, 1988

          Date of Qi Emission : January 26, 1988
          Qi Emission Distance = 2,000 km (from Guangzhou to Beijing)
          Experimental Condition : CF=3476.0, MA=5, SP=13dB, SW=50, GN=1.25E5, SF=9.78                          

Figure 4 and Table 4 show typical results obtained from test sample #1 and a control sample during the ultra-long distance qigong experiments conducted on March 8, 1988 from Yunnan to Beijing (about 2,000 km).


Table 4 :Change in the UV-VIS absorption of flucrescencein
dye sampe #1 at room temperature of 15 degree C.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|                |  Number of  | Accumulated time |     Change in 489 nm       |
|                | qi emissions|  of observation  |    absorption peak value   |
|==============================================================================|
| Test sample    |      5      |    378 hours     | 0.730 to 0.395 (min.), -46%|
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Control sample |             |    380 hours     | 0.730 +/- 0.020, +/- 2.7 % |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------                          



The control sample, untreated by the external qi and monitored for 380 hours, had a good stability and fluctuated only 2.7 % in the absorption value at the 489 nm characteristic absorption peak. Meanwhile test sample #1, qi-treated and later continuously monitored for 378 hours, showed a maximum decrease of 46 % in the absorption value at the 489 nm characteristic absorption peak. The change in the aqueous solution of fluocrescencein affected by the external qi of qigong from 2,000 km away was very significant.


               UV-VIS Photo Spectrum Sequence
            Control Sample    Sample #1    Date
                 O1             1        March 8, 1988
                 O2             2        March 9, 1988
                 O3             3        March 11, 1988
                 :
                 :
                 O10            4        March 14, 1988
                 O11            5        March 16, 1988
                 O12            6        March 18, 1988
                 O13            7        March 24, 1988

           Qi Emission Distance = 2,000 km (from Yunnan to Beijing)
           Date of Qi Emission : March 8, 1988                          

Since x* = 0.395, u = 0.730, m = 1.4 x 10 exp -2, using the equation we have s = 24. According to Table 1, the value of r should be of orders of magnitude lower that 10 exp -9, therefore the experimental results indicating the ultra-long distance effect of the external qi of qigong on fluorescencein were highly reliable.

Conclusions

Significant changes were observed in the ultraviolet-visible photo spectra of aqueous solutions of salmon sperm DNA, K2Cr2O7, and fluorescencein dye, as well as in the electron paramagnetic resonance spectra of AgBr. These changes were caused by the external qi of qigong emitted by Yan Xin from a distance of 2,000 km. These results indicate that the molecular structure of salmon sperm DNA, K2Cr2O7, AgBr, and fluorescencein dye were affected by Yan Xin's qi treatment from ultra-long distances.

Acknowledgments

This paper was translated by Ms. Kuang Yan at Duke University. The English version was proofread by Dr. Hui Lin at the University of Pennsylvania, Dr. Leonard Young of International Yan Xin Qigong Association, Hawaii chapter, Honolulu, Hawaii, and Ms. Hong Lu at the University of Louisville. The table and figures of the English version were prepared by Dr. Ming Dao at the University of California, San Diego.

 

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